ADA Accessibility Summary for Swimming Pools
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. On September 15, 2010, the ADA Guidelines finalized on July 23, 2004 (ADAAG 2004) were signed into law and now require compliance by all Title II (Public Entities) and Title III (Public Accommodations and Commercial Entities). This includes recreation facilities, swimming pools, wading pools and spas.
ADA regulations cover both public and private facilities including pools operated by public park and recreation districts, hotels and motels, fitness and recreational sports clubs, country clubs, high schools and universities, waterparks, hospitals and health care facilities. Regulations may also apply to private residential facilities, such as homeowners, apartment and condo associations, if these facilities are open to the general public.
ADA guidelines provide specification of certain elements in the design of new and renovated facilities to ensure that individuals with disabilities are generally able to access swimming pools and spas and use a variety of features of the facility. The guidelines are the minimum level of accessibility required and are encouraged to be exceeded where possible to increase opportunities.
Summary Guidelines Permitted Means of Pool Access
|Pool Type||Sloped Entry||Lift||Transfer Walls||Transfer Systems||Stairs|
|Swimming Pools with less than 300 Lineal Feet of Pool Wall||X||X|
|Swimming Pools - 300 or more Lineal Feet of Pool Wall - 2 means of entry |
|Wave Action, Leisure River, Other Pools where User Entry is Limited to 1 |
* Requires two means of access. Primary means must be by sloped entry or pool lift; secondary means can be any of the permitted types.
Full Final Guidelines – detail of required ADA specifications for swimming pool facilities and equipment.
Get a copy of U. S. Access Board’s Accessible Swimming Pools & Spas summary.